This temple is the result of the celestial vision of Lord Sree Krishna that dawned upon Vilwamangalam Swamiyar the great sage and the ardent devotee of Lord Mahavishnu.
Lord Sri Anantha the first among the eight great Serpeant Gods, is worshiped here as Naga Raja, the King of Serpeants. This temple is also considered to be the place of origin of Sree Padmanabha Swami Temple.
Sri Anantha, who offers himself as a bed to the Lord of the three worlds, has been positioned with in the Fort at Thiruvananthapuram to the north west of Sri Padmanabha Swami Temple.
It was a small mistake committed by the Vilwamangalam Swamiyar that dragged him on to Ananthankadu, the dense forest. Vilwamangalam was a great seer who had a clear vision about Krishnavathara. He used to have detailed Poojas every morning .One day a small boy came to his house and offered himself as an assistant. Enamoured by the charming presence of the child, the sage entrusted him with minor jobs related to the rituals.But as days passed by, the child got too playful and started even hampering the Poojas. Swamiyar got irritated.One weak moment he push the kid aside, back handed.
The child vanished into thin air. “If you want to see me again come to Ananthankadu”-these words echoed there. The grief – stricken sage roamed about a lot in search of the forest; and at last reached Ananthapuri. While taking rest in the farmyard known as Putharikandam he overhead a poor farmer woman raging at her child, “If you cry a bit more, I will simply throw you off into theAnanthankadu”. Swamiyar jumped up and rushed to the spot. There the supreme Lord of the Universe appeared before him as AnanthaPadmanabha; Vilwamangalam Swamiyar, in total submission, lost himself. In his utmost urge to offer Naivedya to the Lord he looked around. All he could site was a small, tender mango. He grabbed it, put it in an empty coconut shell and kept it in front of his Lord, as Naivedya.
After few years, the then Maharaja of Travancore built two Temples in this area. He got the chaitanya of Maha Vishnu transferred to Sree Padmanabha Swami Temple and that of Anantha, to the Ananthan kadu temple.
The idol of Padmanabha faces the East and that of Anandhan faces the West. Ananthan the Serpant God reigns here bestowing bliss over his worshipers; and removing the hazards in life such as wedding – block, the wrath of Rahu, Kalasarpa Dosha, Skin diseasesetc. Worshiping Lord Anantha is certain to grant children to the childless and Ashta Nagapreethi to the needy.
Mahalakshmi, Ganapathi, Naga Lakshmi, Naga Kanyaka, Brahma Rakshassu, Siva, Hanuman, Dhanwanthari, Sastha, Saraswathy and Mahakali are the sub deities of this temple.
Mainly two festivals are cleberated here, one in the month of Edavam and the other in Karkkadakam. The first one usually falls during the first week of June. Rituals such as Sarppa Bali, Aaslesha Bali, Naga Mandala Pooja, Nagar OottuAbhishekas, Homas etc., culminate in the Kalamezhuthu and SarppamPattu on the seventh day. And the devotees leave the temple with the satisfaction of having had Nagadarshana.
The second festival falls on the days of Nagapanchami in the month of Karkkadaka. These days are observed piously offering Ashtabhisheka, Navakabhisheka, Kalabhabhisheka, Manjal- KumkumaAbhisheka etc. It culminates inSarppa Bali.
Sarppa Bali, Nagar Oottu, Aaslesha Bali, Naga Mandala Pooja, KalamezhuthumPattum, MahaGanapathiHomam, UdayasthamanaPooja, PanchamruthaAbhishekam, Muzhukkaappu, Ashtabhishekam, Kalabhabhishekam, UruliKamazhthal, Palpayasam, NoorumPalum, AyilyaPooja, Thulaabharam, Choroonu, PidippanamVaral, ManjalAbhishekam.
This is ritual observed according to the Dravida Achara. Sarpaa Bali is usually offered for clearing the hazards in wed-lock or to rectify the curses of the Serpent God which results in lack of progeny, diseases to the children, all sorts of skin diseases, and in saving to save one from the misfortune of KalasarppaDosha caused by the adverse planetary position of Rahu and Kethu.
Sarppa Bali Pooja is performed on a huge square diagram drawn on the floor consisting of 64 tiny square – segments. The Havissu (Offerings) alone goes up to a quantum of three huge Measures.
It is mandatory for those who are involved in this Pooja, to observe severe penance for seven days.
The main ritual in Sarppa Bali is NaagarOottu done by offering NoorumPalum (Turmeric and Milk) to Anantha the Serpeant God.
Sarppa Bali, Aaslesha Bali, Naga Mandala Pooja etc., are some of the most effective Poojas performed for rectifying the difficulties in getting good wedding and begetting good children.
“Valiya Thirumeni’’ is a name that evokes respect among the devotees – not just in Kerala – but across India. Born to a very pious and virtuous parents, Brahmashri. Sreenivasan Embran was a man well-versed in the knowledge of religion and spirituality and used that knowledge to bind society’s various strata together in a cohesive whole.
തിരുവനന്തപുരം ജില്ലയിലെ കോട്ടക്കകത്താണ് ക്ഷേത്രം സ്ഥിതി ചെയ്യുന്നത്.
മഹാലക്ഷ്മി, ഗണപതി, നാഗലക്ഷ്മി, നാഗ കന്യക, ബ്രഹ്മരക്ഷസ്സ്, ശിവൻ, ഹനുമാൻ, ധന്വന്തരി, ശാസ്താവ്, സരസ്വതി, മഹാകാളി എന്നിവരാണ് ഈ ക്ഷേത്രത്തിലെ ഉപദേവതകൾ.
പ്രധാനമായും രണ്ട് ഉത്സവങ്ങളാണ് ഇവിടെ ആഘോഷിക്കുന്നത്, ഒന്ന് ഇടവം മാസത്തിലും മറ്റൊന്ന് കർക്കടകത്തിലുമാണ്.
കർക്കടക മാസത്തിലെ നാഗപഞ്ചമി നാളിലാണ് രണ്ടാം ഉത്സവം. ഈ ദിവസങ്ങളിൽ അഷ്ടാഭിഷേകം, നവകാഭിഷേകം, കളഭാഭിഷേകം, മഞ്ഞൾ- കുംകുമാഭിഷേകം മുതലായവ ഭക്തിപൂർവ്വം അർപ്പിക്കുന്നു. ഇത് സർപ്പ ബലിയിൽ അവസാനിക്കുന്നു.
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